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first, that meant looking at the low hanging fruit, such as the emotional and behavioral impact. But then we decided to look beneath the skin a little bit, to see Nike Womens Shoes Black And Red
"There has been a lot of research into the social and psychological consequences of bullying and victimization," he noted. "And we pretty well understand by now that persistent victimization leads to a lot of negative development outcomes. But this is particularly interesting, because it finds that there's also a physiological relationship," Simons Morton said.
The findings held even after accounting for other factors, such as body mass index (a measurement based on height and weight), drug use, overall physical and mental health status, and exposure to other types Nike Trainers Shoes Ebay of childhood traumas.
Copeland and his colleagues published the findings online May 12 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The team's analysis focused on data collected by the Great Smoky Mountains Study, which enrolled mostly white North Carolina children at the ages of 9, 11 and 13.
"It's extraordinarily rare to see a childhood experience persist as a physical consequence among adults, but the potency of our findings is clear," Copeland said.
Until the children reached the age of 16, bullying histories were recorded via parental interviews 83 percent of the time involving the mother. Then, when they were between 19 and 21, the interviews were conducted directly with the participants.
The finding is based on roughly two decades spent tracking the bullying histories of 1,420 young people from childhood into early adulthood.
Adult Health Better for Bullies Than Their Victims
While CRP levels rose among all the participants over time, those who had been bullied had the highest CRP levels by the time they were in their early 20s, the researchers found. Those who were a victim and instigator of bullying had adult CRP levels equivalent to those with no bullying history at all. The lowest CRP levels were seen among former bullies.
MONDAY, May 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) A long term look at the physical consequences of childhood bullying suggests that the tactic boosts inflammation among those abused but lowers it among the abusers.
"And what we found is that, in terms of inflammation, the victims of childhood bullying are the worst off as adults even after accounting for many other factors. On the other hand, bullies were actually the best off, indicating that physically, in some ways, they are the healthiest of all," Copeland said.
"It's not that this means we should encourage kids to become bullies," he added. "But it does suggest that the biological impact of bullying may be similar to that of physical abuse, sexual abuse or neglect, which to me is very striking."
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The surprising results came from blood tests for C Nike Shoes For Women Black And Neon
reactive protein (CRP) levels, which as they increase are known to signal a higher risk for a number of health complications, including heart disease and metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that raise the risk for heart conditions and other problems including diabetes and stroke.
what, if anything, is going on," he added.
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